Giza Zoo, Egypt
October 6 through October 13, 2018
- To introduce confiscated female Julia
chimpanzee into a group setting
- Reintroduce solitary female chimpanzee Loza
back to any of the original members
- Revisit the progress of the elephant
February 2017, the Supervising Joint Committee of General
Organization of Veterinary Services (GOVS), Egypt needed help
integrating Julia chimpanzee with others. Unfortunately, at that
time there was a US travel ban on Egypt due to civil war. After
the ban lifted in 2018, preparations were made for an immediate
introduction due to animals being separated for quite a long time.
Team of Investigation bodies and the environment police officers,
which included Brigadier Hatem El Kot and Colonels; Wael El
Sharkawy and Wael Sheikh, received report about female chimpanzees
"Julia" at the age of 15 years, and pair of an African
tortoise, female and male, aged about 50 years, and Vervet monkey
Sudanese 8 years old inside the villa of a lawyer in Heliopolis
Area. Julia was confiscated on February 2, 2017 from the basement
of this villa, owned by a lawyer who lived most of the times
After notifying Major General Sabri Beauty Assistant Minister of
Interior Environmental Police, and Major-General Yasser El Akkad
director of the FBI, they decided issue order to confiscate the
animals and decision to deposit the seized animals in Giza Zoo
because they are on the Red List of animals banned IUCN and CITES.
chairman of the Central Administration of Zoos Giza Military
General and Doctor Mohamed Ragaii, Dr. Muhammad Abdul Hamid
veterinarian, follow up on the health status of the animals seized
and put it in a safe place and precautionary measure.
Loza: 10-year-old female, DOB 2005
15-year-old male, DOB 2000
15-year-old female, DOB 2000
(Misho): nine-year-old, DOB 2006
Approximately 15-year-old female, confiscated, DOB unknown
(Dodo): Approximately two-year-old male, DOB 2014
(Koko): 19-year-old male, DOB 1996
Zoo staff needed to separate Meshmesh from Prince and Engy due to
aggression between the two males. Female Loza also needed to be
separated from Kuku and Doodoo due to
Loza attacking adult male Kuku and repeatedly instigating
In captivity, it is not unusual for a female to attack a
male if there is enough support from other members such as little
Doodoo. However, large, healthy
adult males are usually able to easily defend themselves. Kuku on
the other hand, was mildly physically challenged
due to his unusually short arms.
the chimpanzees had to be regrouped considering their
personalities. It was decided that Julia will be introduced to
Prince and Engy while Loza will re-join Meshmesh since they were
always on good terms
Dyadic integration started with introducing the two females
together in case they need to work out some differences.
females got along well and were left together for the rest of the
day. Prince however was apprehensive of being separated from Engy
and kept vocalizing and looking for her. At night, the females
were separated so Julia could sleep safely and so that Prince
could reunite with Engy.
next morning, the two females were put together again, and then,
Julia was introduced to Prince as well. Both really liked
each other and started playing almost immediately.
By the end of the
day, all three of them were together and they have been fine ever
discussed again that elephants cannot be kept on hard surfaces
such as concrete, tile, wooden floor, etc. As per elephant
experts, it is a misconception that elephants get colic due to
sand impaction. The Phoenix Zoo’s elephant program is proof of
it due to having elephants kept on sand over 15 years.
Zoo Management didn’t feel comfortable with giving sand, so it
was agreed to provide soil (earth) instead.
The following information was provided:
Roocroft- The Sand Invasion
Roocroft- Foot Care for Captive Elephants
Benefits of Natural Floors for Elephants
– Revised Standards Elephant Management Care
Zoo – Let Them be Elephants (power point presentation was
provided during visit already)
This is a new era for the Giza Zoo elephant management. After 127
years of traditional keeping, with the leadership Dr. Ragaii, Dr.
Saber and Ms. Zulficar drastic changes are taking place. The
exhibit ground was covered with a large amount of soil, a hay net
was installed to increase foraging time, two large (2-meter high)
soil dunes were installed both into the night house and onto
exhibit and a large tree trunk was placed into the yard to break
up the monotonous surface.
would like to thank the Giza Zoo’s director and staff for
inviting me to improve their animals’ welfare. I would also like
to thank Dr. Mary Lewis for funding this trip and establishing
such a wonderful working relationship between the Jane Goodall
Institute, the Phoenix Zoo and the Giza Zoo.