Origins and Habitat of Chimpanzees
"At the turn of the
century chimpanzees were found, in the hundreds of
thousands, in twenty-five African nations. From four
countries they have disappeared completely. In five
others, the population is so small that the species cannot
long survive. In seven countries populations are less than
five thousand. And even in the four remaining central
strongholds chimpanzees are gradually and relentlessly
losing ground to the ever-growing human populations."
"Even the Gombe
chimpanzees, are threatened by the relentless march of
Gombe National Park
Research Centre is located in Gombe National Park,
Tanzania, East Africa. "Gombe National Park, a narrow
strip of rugged terrain, two miles at its widest,
stretches for no more than ten miles along the eastern
shore of the lake-a pitifully small stronghold, . . "
". . . . although
they still roam free, they are effectively imprisoned
their refuge is surrounded on three sides by villages and
cultivated land, while along the fourth boundary, the
shore of the lake, over one thousand fishermen are camped.
Yet these one hundred and sixty or so chimpanzees are
safer than almost any other wild chimpanzees in
Africa-except for those in the few remaining places, in
the central part of the species' range, that are utterly
remote. At least, in Gombe, there is no poaching."
Goodall, Jane. In
the Shadow of Man, Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1971.